Forest Management - Silviculture

Site preparation can be conducted as 100% tillage, prescribed burning, strip cultivation, or spot cultivation. Some projects incorporate chemical applications to reduce future competition.
Planting is the most important aspect to forestry projects. Planting is your chance to create the desired number of seedlings per area, species composition and with proper technique can greatly enhance productivity.

Nutritional requirements are determined early so that fertilizers can be properly calculated and applied depending on species, site and climatic conditions.


Forest growth is significantly enhanced by thinning, which involves removing small, slowly-growing trees to favor growth of superior individuals. Thinning may be implemented as a commercial operation in both plantations and natural forests, promoting either volume production, habitat condition, or both values simultaneously. Pruning can also enhance volume quality and subsequently value.

Competition control is a main factor in the development of forests. Keeping forest species free from competition enables the healthy vigorous development of forest canopies. Competition from exotic weed species can be particularly detrimental especially in native species projects.

Pruning enhances product grade. With fewer knots and directed growth pruning can make a big difference to product quality and quantity.

Singling aids in the selection of apical meristem within single stem morphology and when coppicing allows for the selection of the best stems as residual.

Pest control can determine whether a crop reaches maturity or not. Insects can be dealt with using insecticides while pathogens usually need an integrated pest program for resolution.


Genetic material is fundamental in nursery production. Tracking of parent material location, elevation and taxonomy is critical in providing a consistent genetic product.

Species requirements determine differing cell or pot size, water regimes and even shade values. Native species prefer larger pots with well drained media and usually take a much longer time to develop. Exotic species can make due with smaller pot sizes and shorter grow out time in the nursery.

Seedling development can be controlled by shade tolerance, watering and spacing. Controlled environments can produce the desired product on a predictable schedule.
Versatility in species and product helps to offset project constraints and inconsistencies. Grown out ornamentals and landscape species provide the landscaping industry alternatives.
Here at Forest Solutions, we work with a highly specialized nursery in Kona called Nursery Solutions, Inc. Visit their website for more details!

Forest Planning
and Project Management
Consulting and
Independent Audits
Information Systems